### Monday, August 21, 2006

## Lesson-44 : Carnatic Ragam Pattern Formation - Part-2 - Melakartha Formation

So the Carnatic Pattern formation basically involves

Let us recall those conditions:

- If

- If we select

(as G1 is ruled out by R2 selection)

- If

(as G1 is crossed and G2 is ruled out by R3 selection)

Similarly

- If

- If we select D2, our 2 options for Ni is restricted to ……..either

(as N1 is ruled out by D2 selection).

- If

(as N1 is crossed and N2 is ruled out by D3 selection)

Mathematically, the selection process will give a table of

Formation of the first Pattern will be like this :

To complete octave , C is added back

So the resulting pattern is:

The above pattern is called

Take the extreme 72nd raagam pattern :

The resulting pattern is :

This is called as

In between the 1st and 72nd ragam , remaining 70 other patterns of Melakartha scheme are arranged.

I am not burdening you with the exercise of formation of balance Pattern formations ! Once you understand the basic principle, you can do that automatically.

Let us have a glimpse of the 72 raagam as in the Melakartha Table, in our next session.

**selecting the 7 notes from the 12 keys**,**satisfying certain mutually exclusive conditions**described earlier.Let us recall those conditions:

**Sa must be Selected.****Pa must be Selected.****Ma have two variations M1 or M2**- If

**R1**is selected, we have 3 options for Ga …….as**G1 or G2 or G3**.- If we select

**R2**, our choice for Ga is restricted to 2 options……..either**G2 or G3**only(as G1 is ruled out by R2 selection)

- If

**R3**is selected, our choice for Ga is restricted to 1 option ……**G3 only**,(as G1 is crossed and G2 is ruled out by R3 selection)

Similarly

- If

**D1**is selected, we have 3 options for Ni …….as**N1 or N2 or N3**.- If we select D2, our 2 options for Ni is restricted to ……..either

**N2 or N3**only(as N1 is ruled out by D2 selection).

- If

**D3**is selected, our 1 option for Ni is restricted to……**N3 only**,(as N1 is crossed and N2 is ruled out by D3 selection)

Mathematically, the selection process will give a table of

**72 basic patterns**called**“Melakartha Raagam”**

**To illustrate the typical process, let us analyse the first case and extreme cases of Perumnuation Combination**

Formation of the first Pattern will be like this :

To complete octave , C is added back

So the resulting pattern is:

**C – C# - D – F – G – G# - A – C****(S R1 G1 M1 P D1 N1 S)**

The above pattern is called

**“Kanakangi”**in Melakartha Scheme.Take the extreme 72nd raagam pattern :

The resulting pattern is :

**C – D# – E – F# – G – A# – B – C**

( S R3 G3 M2 D3 N3 S )

( S R3 G3 M2 D3 N3 S )

This is called as

**“Rasikapriya”**in Melakartha scheme.In between the 1st and 72nd ragam , remaining 70 other patterns of Melakartha scheme are arranged.

I am not burdening you with the exercise of formation of balance Pattern formations ! Once you understand the basic principle, you can do that automatically.

Let us have a glimpse of the 72 raagam as in the Melakartha Table, in our next session.